Eastern European Jews fled eastward to escape the Nazis. On return to their countries of origin, they were often met by anti-Semitism and violent encounters. Desperate, they then headed to the relative safety of camps in the U.S.-Occupied Zones. This flood of refugees taxed the already chaotic camps. But it also introduced a more intact communal life into the camps which benefited all. The growing population of babies born there brought a new element of joy.