Yefim Ashkenazi

1894 – 1938
Bookkeeper, Agro-Joint, Simferopol, Crimea

Yefim Ashkenazi was a bookkeeper in the Agro-Joint office in Simferopol, Crimea. He was arrested by the NKVD in 1937 and charged with “participation in a counter-revolutionary Jewish bourgeois-nationalistic spy organization created by German intelligence.” He was sentenced to death and executed in 1938. He was “rehabilitated” (his name was officially cleared) in 1956.


Extended Profile

Yefim Savelyevich Ashkenazi, born in Dzankoy, Crimea in 1894, was a bookkeeper in the Agro-Joint office in Simferopol, Crimea. He was arrested on December 26, 1937, by the NKVD (People’s Commissariat of Internal Affairs) and charged with “participation in a counter-revolutionary Jewish bourgeois-nationalistic spy organization created by German intelligence.” According to his trial record, “he did not admit guilt but was proven guilty by the testimony of others.” Ashkenazi was sentenced to death on October 29, 1938, by the NKVD Troika of the Crimean SSAR (Soviet Socialist Autonomous Republic) and executed that month. Ashkenazi was “rehabilitated” (his name was officially cleared) on August 17, 1956, by the Military Tribunal of the Odessa Military District.


Sources

GARK (The State Archives in the Autonomous Republic of Crimea).

Mitsel, Mikhail. “The Final Chapter: Agro-Joint Workers – Victims of the Great Terror in the USSR, 1937-1940.” Eastern European Jewish Affairs, Vol. 39, No. 1, April 2009.