Our Stories

World War II-Era Refugees and Displaced Persons

JDC worked with HICEM (the Jewish Overseas Emigration Association) to facilitate and finance the emigration of children without American relatives.

 Lisbon, Portugal, June 1941.

With the rise of Nazism, JDC spearheaded an intensive emigration effort, working to identify escape routes and safe havens. It helped refugees obtain visas and transport, provided assistance en route, and aided many once they reached their destinations. After the war, JDC successfully advocated for the creation of separate Jewish Displaced Persons camps in which JDC provided supplementary food and clothing, set up schools and vocational training programs, and supported the revival of Jewish learning and religious renewal. It then turned again to emigration assistance, helping to arrange for the survivors to begin new lives in Palestine, North and South America, Australia, and Western Europe.

Exhibit

Everything Possible: JDC and the Children of the DP Camps

Following World War II, JDC provided critical services to European Jews in the displaced persons (DP) camps established by the Allied Armed Forces. JDC placed special attention on the unique needs of the growing population of children in the camps.

Galleries
News and Articles
New Book on War Refugee Board

New Book on War Refugee Board

Finding a Long-Lost Relative after 77 Years

Finding a Long-Lost Relative after 77 Years

From JDC in Norway to JDC in New York

From JDC in Norway to JDC in New York

Laura Almagor Lectures on Jewish DPs in Austria and Koppel S. Pinson (1904-1961)

Laura Almagor Lectures on Jewish DPs in Austria and Koppel S. Pinson (1904-1961)

Panel on JDC’s Work in North Africa at Upcoming Association of Jewish Studies Conference

Panel on JDC’s Work in North Africa at Upcoming Association of Jewish Studies Conference

Gertrud Glanz’s Scrapbook from Shanghai

Gertrud Glanz’s Scrapbook from Shanghai

From Europe to the Farm

From Europe to the Farm

JDC Archives Showcased in Two Scholarly Publications

JDC Archives Showcased in Two Scholarly Publications

Badges of Honor

Badges of Honor

Rescue through Emigration in the Nazi Era

Rescue through Emigration in the Nazi Era

Lighting the Way

Lighting the Way

New Issue of Dorot Highlights JDC Names Indexing Projects

New Issue of Dorot Highlights JDC Names Indexing Projects

Luca Fenoglio Lectures on Rescue Activities in Italian-Occupied Southeastern France

Luca Fenoglio Lectures on Rescue Activities in Italian-Occupied Southeastern France

Cultivating Artists on Cyprus: The Rutenberg Seminar

Cultivating Artists on Cyprus: The Rutenberg Seminar

JDC Archives Awarded Preservation Funds for One of Its Rare Film Treasures

JDC Archives Awarded Preservation Funds for One of Its Rare Film Treasures

Finding Her “Joint Family” in the Archives

Finding Her “Joint Family” in the Archives

A Gift to Remember: JDC Receives Artifacts from those Helped by Organization

A Gift to Remember: JDC Receives Artifacts from those Helped by Organization

Uta Larkey Lectures on Post-Holocaust Interviews and Testimonies

Uta Larkey Lectures on Post-Holocaust Interviews and Testimonies

Second Generation Holocaust Survivor Discovers Father’s DP Camp Soccer League Was Sponsored by JDC

Second Generation Holocaust Survivor Discovers Father’s DP Camp Soccer League Was Sponsored by JDC

Medals of Honor

Medals of Honor

JDC and the War Refugee Board

JDC and the War Refugee Board

Miranda Carson Shares Her JDC Story

Miranda Carson Shares Her JDC Story

Andrew Falk Lectures on American Jewish Foreign Policy in the Era of World Wars

Andrew Falk Lectures on American Jewish Foreign Policy in the Era of World Wars

JDC Archives Fellow Lectures on Holocaust Survivors and “the Right to Health”

JDC Archives Fellow Lectures on Holocaust Survivors and “the Right to Health”

JDC Participates in OSE Centennial Conference

JDC Participates in OSE Centennial Conference

“Conditions Terrifying Utterly Hopeless”: A 1933 Telegram

“Conditions Terrifying Utterly Hopeless”: A 1933 Telegram

All JDC Records from Post-World War II Period Digitized

All JDC Records from Post-World War II Period Digitized

Harry Kamel: A Story of Gratitude

Harry Kamel: A Story of Gratitude

New Book Published on the American Jewish Presence in Post-World War II France

New Book Published on the American Jewish Presence in Post-World War II France

A Symbol for the Continuity of Jewish Life

A Symbol for the Continuity of Jewish Life

The 1948 JDC Haggadah

The 1948 JDC Haggadah

Insight into Moses Beckelman: Neither Pencil-Pusher Nor Pushover

Insight into Moses Beckelman: Neither Pencil-Pusher Nor Pushover

Masters Thesis Highlights Four JDC Heroines

Masters Thesis Highlights Four JDC Heroines

Explore JDC’s Extensive Photo Resources

Explore JDC’s Extensive Photo Resources

Collection of 40,000 Deposit Cards from the World War II Era Features Albert Einstein Record

Collection of 40,000 Deposit Cards from the World War II Era Features Albert Einstein Record

JDC Records from Post-WWII Period Now Accessible Online

JDC Records from Post-WWII Period Now Accessible Online

A Timely Seder

A Timely Seder

Symbol of Freedom: Seder Plate Distributed in Displaced Persons Camps

Symbol of Freedom: Seder Plate Distributed in Displaced Persons Camps

Ilie Wacs and Deborah Strobin to Discuss Shanghai Ghetto and JDC Assistance at 92nd St Y

Ilie Wacs and Deborah Strobin to Discuss Shanghai Ghetto and JDC Assistance at 92nd St Y

JDC World War II-Era Records Now Available Online

JDC World War II-Era Records Now Available Online

As Jews Today Celebrate the Siyum HaShas, Remembering the Publication of the “JDC Talmud”

As Jews Today Celebrate the Siyum HaShas, Remembering the Publication of the “JDC Talmud”

Award-Winning Author Features JDC Archives

Award-Winning Author Features JDC Archives

JDC Heroine Featured in Magazine Cover Story

JDC Heroine Featured in Magazine Cover Story

A Silent Yizkor

A Silent Yizkor

Refuge in Jamaica

Refuge in Jamaica