Many Russian Jews had been long denied government-funded social services; Jewish community facilities had been destroyed during years of pogroms. Beyond secure livelihoods, Jews in the Ukraine and Crimea needed medical and other institutions to sustain health and make life as vibrant as possible. Agro-Joint accomplished this by subsidizing Jewish mutual aid societies, which in turn supported hundreds of hospitals, medical clinics, homes for orphans and the elderly, and schools.
Life Worth Living
Jews living in the Ukraine and Crimea depended on more than bread. Agro-Joint assumed JDC's role of cultural and educational support for the region.
In addition to services within the settlements, Agro-Joint supported close to 60 Jewish mutual aid societies in cities and small towns throughout the Ukraine. As long as Jews had the status of non-citizens, these groups served a critical function, providing services at a community level.
Health Care for Jews
Fifty-four medical-aid societies were organized throughout the region. Refugee doctors expelled from Nazi Germany, found positions through Agro-Joint's Medical Department (with cooperation from the Soviet Ministry of Public Health). By fall 1934, most of Agro-Joint's medical institutions had been absorbed into the Ukrainian Red Cross. The German Jewish doctors had a worse fate.