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Russia and the Former Soviet Union

Three young men in a wheat field at the Khaklay (Heb., “farmer”) settlement.

Khaklay, Dzhankoy district, Crimea, USSR, c.1927.

During World War I and the Bolshevik Revolution, JDC sent emergency aid for destitute Jews caught in the maelstrom of war and devastation. JDC began a partnership with the American Relief Administration in the early 1920s; in the mid-1920s it established Agro-Joint, which developed agricultural settlements in Ukraine and Crimea until it was closed down by the authorities in 1938.  Subsequently, JDC, while unable to send staff to the region, made every effort to ship packages to needy Jews. JDC re-entered the former Soviet Union in 1989 and initiated a vast network of Hesed Centers and Jewish renewal activities.

Exhibit

Beyond Relief: JDC in Interwar Ukraine and Crimea

By 1920, war, revolution, and famine had left the newly emerged Soviet Union in chaos. JDC brought aid to impoverished Jews in the region, especially desperate after years of bloody pogroms and ongoing exclusion from any government services.

Exhibit

Everything Possible:
JDC and the Children of the DP Camps

Featuring historic photographs from the JDC Archives, focuses on JDC’s significant efforts on behalf of children in the displaced persons camps established by the Allied Armed Forces after World War II. JDC was permitted to enter the camps to supplement minimal provisions with critical nutritional, medical, educational, and religious services for survivors.

News and Articles
New Book—In the Midst of Civilized Europe: The Pogroms of 1918-1921 and the Onset of the Holocaust

New Book—In the Midst of Civilized Europe: The Pogroms of 1918-1921 and the Onset of the Holocaust

Researching His Roots in the Ukraine

Researching His Roots in the Ukraine

A Major Expansion of the JDC Archives Names Index: Transmigrant Case File Index

A Major Expansion of the JDC Archives Names Index: Transmigrant Case File Index

Michael Nutkiewicz Lectures on Eli Gumener’s Memoirs

Michael Nutkiewicz Lectures on Eli Gumener’s Memoirs

“They Gave Us Money to Live”

“They Gave Us Money to Live”

Illuminating History

Illuminating History

“Someone in the World Still Cared about Their Fate”

“Someone in the World Still Cared about Their Fate”

A Historian Reflects on His Research about Soviet Jewish Transmigrants

A Historian Reflects on His Research about Soviet Jewish Transmigrants

Denis Kozlov Lectures on Soviet Jewish Migration during the 1970s-1980s

Denis Kozlov Lectures on Soviet Jewish Migration during the 1970s-1980s

When a Letter Becomes Art

When a Letter Becomes Art

Russian Children’s Art

Russian Children’s Art

A Grandfather’s JDC Legacy

A Grandfather’s JDC Legacy

Issachar Ryback’s Agro-Joint Album

Issachar Ryback’s Agro-Joint Album

New Book Offers Insight on Early Aid to Russian Jews

New Book Offers Insight on Early Aid to Russian Jews

Documenting JDC’s Work in the Soviet Union

Documenting JDC’s Work in the Soviet Union

JDC Participates in OSE Centennial Conference

JDC Participates in OSE Centennial Conference

Scholar Researches Soviet Jewish Transmigrant Experience

Scholar Researches Soviet Jewish Transmigrant Experience

A Lens on Poverty

A Lens on Poverty

New Jewish Museums in Russia and Poland Showcase JDC Archival Photos

New Jewish Museums in Russia and Poland Showcase JDC Archival Photos

World War I Prisoner of War Cards Available

World War I Prisoner of War Cards Available

Delivering Food Relief with Dignity: A Unique Artifact

Delivering Food Relief with Dignity: A Unique Artifact

Elka Deitsch Shares her JDC Story

Elka Deitsch Shares her JDC Story

New Release Pays Tribute to Forgotten Heroes of Soviet Jewish Collective

New Release Pays Tribute to Forgotten Heroes of Soviet Jewish Collective

JDC Archives Documents in Forthcoming Book on Minsk

JDC Archives Documents in Forthcoming Book on Minsk

Early Soviet Jewish Life Captured on Film

Early Soviet Jewish Life Captured on Film